The Serpent Trail

One weekend of warm sunshine in February is a surprise.; two consecutive ones is jaw dropping. Making the most of the weather, we took an eight mile walk along two national trails, the New Lipchis Way and the Serpent Trail. The latter is a is a 64 mile long path through the purple heather, green woods and golden valleys of the Sussex greensand hills.

This was another opportunity for me to play with stand development in HC-110, this time with Ilford FP4. I’m particularly pleased with the results of this combination.

This is the walk we did. Fancy Free Walks is a really good resource for walks in the South East of England. I’ve probably done about 30 over the last five or six years.

Mamiya 645 Pro TL / Ilford FP4 / Stand developed in Kodak HC-110 1+160 for 45 minutes

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

St Mary’s in Chithust is an 11th Century church, probably built after the Norman Conquest. Chithurst has probably always been a sleepy place, but a note of high drama was sounded in 1757. The rector, Rev John Denham, was stabbed and murdered. A man named Aps was tried at Horsham and convicted of the crime. He was hung, with a contemporary report saying that he ended “his wicked life without the least sign of repentance”. We thought that’d be a good place to stop for lunch.

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

Just because I’m biased doesn’t mean that Coco The Cocker isn’t the world’s most beautiful dog. She hardly ever sits still, so a photo of her taken with a manual focus lens is a rare occurrence.

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

There’s a certain type of weirdo that enjoys cemeteries. I’m one of them. This little isolated cemetery was a final treat for me near the end of the walk.

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

The Serpent Trail

West Wittering Beach

West Wittering Beach is a beautifully sandy beach located at the entrance to Chichester Harbour. On a unexpectedly sunny Sunday last week, we loaded up the car with and assortment of kids, dogs, and sandwiches and headed on out.

Yashica Mat 124G / Kodak Tri-X / Stand developed in Kodak HC-110 1+160 for 45 minutes

West Wittering Beach

I generally use just two films in medium format these days; Ilford FP4 and Kodak Tri-X. And this being Feb, my Yashica Mat was already loaded with Tri-X. I typically stand develop both those films in Rodinal with good results. However, blue skies on Tri-X with Rodinal was likely to show a little too much grain for my tastes.

West Wittering Beach

I’m still looking for ways to get rid of that bottle of HC-110 under my sink. Last year I had some success stand developing 35mm films with HC-110. I thought it might be worth having a go with medium format.

West Wittering Beach

This roll was developed for 45 minutes in a dilution of 1+160. I used 5ml of HC-110 in 800 ml of water, and developed for 45 minutes with one very gentle inversion at the halfway mark. I’ve often head it said that stand development is temperature agnostic, but for the sake of consistency I stick to 20C.

West Wittering Beach

These frames don’t quite have the lemon-juice-in-the-eye sharpness of Rodinal, but the grain in those skies is less pronounced.

West Wittering Beach

Daisy’s nearly 16 now. Her legs don’t really work like they used to and everything’s a bit harder than it once was. I know how that feels. But I’ve never seen her happier than when she’s on the beach.

West Wittering Beach

There’s some great dunes at West Wittering Beach. I’m always reminded of 1968’s ghost story Whistle & I’ll Come To You, although that was filmed on the Norfolk Coast. If that means anything to you, you may find this interesting.

West Wittering Beach

Stand Development With HC-110

Several years back I gave Kodak HC-110 a go for developing my 35mm films. Up until then I’d mainly been using D76. But HC-110 is very economical, and in it’s undiluted, syrupy form it stays usable for many years. As it turned out, I found it to be less sharp and less contrasty than D76, which is why I’ve still got most of the bottle under the kitchen sink. But I had thought that one day I’d try and do some stand development with it.

Stand development is the process where film is left in a very dilute developing solution for an extended period of time, with little or no agitation. The theory is that the developer exhausts itself in areas which require greater development, while remaining active in less-exposed areas. In other words, the highlights don’t burn out whilst the shadows develop a bit more detail. Not all developers are suitable for this, but I’ve been using this method successfully for many years with Rodinal. I’ve found that I only get satisfactory results with traditional grain rather than T-grain films, which is why I mainly use FP4 and Tri-X rather than Tmax and Delta in 120 format. For 35mm, I find Rodinal too grainy, irrespective of the method used.

I came across a roll of exposed 35mm film that I’d slung in the back of a drawer and forgotten about. It was a roll of Kosmo Foto Mono so I knew it couldn’t be that old. Nevertheless, I wasn’t sure what was on it or even what camera I’d used. But the very fact I’d forgotten about it meant it was unlikely to contain anything of consequence to rival the Zapruder film. So I thought it was worth taking a chance with.

After some rummaging around online I decided to give it a go with a dilution of 1:160 for 45 mins. I threw in a single gentle inversion at the halfway mark, so technically it’s semi-stand development, but it’s still development for lazy guys. I’m quite pleased with the results. Grain is very fine and contrast is well controlled but still punchy. Oh, and after seeing the pictures I think the camera used was my Nikon FE.

Camera: Nikon FE (probably) / Kosmo Foto Mono / Semi-Stand developed with HC-110 1:160

My dear friend Ella

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

Ah, double exposure. That’s Charles James Fox ( 1749 to 1806). Onetime local resident and the first ever British Foreign Secretary. Much like a more recent Foreign Secretary, he was an Old Etonian who had a reputation for being lazy, a womaniser, and having ridiculous hair. However, Fox was a passionate campaigner for abolishing the slave trade, which is not something I can imagine Boris Johnson wanting to waste his precious time on.

Stand Development With HC-110
2018 is the year that racism has gone mainstream again. Apparently it’s now acceptable for senior British government members to have secret strategy meetings with a white nationalist like Steve Bannon. And nobody seems to bat an eyelid. I’m talking about you Jacob Rees-Mogg, Michael Gove and Boris Johnson. And yes, that’s the same Steve Bannon who says his supporters should wear the term racism as a badge of honour. The same guy who co-founded racist, misogynist blog Breitbart (I’m not going to call it a news site), a site that helpfully has a black crime section and headlines like ‘Birth Control Makes Women Unattractive And Crazy’.

I’m not proud of my country at the moment.

Stand Development With HC-110

Coco the levitating cocker enjoying the beach at Camber Sands
Stand Development With HC-110

Waston S T R E T C H E S

Stand Development With HC-110

I thought it’d be interesting to see how this process handled a 400 speed film, and as it happened I had a roll of exposed Tri-X kicking around. These were shot on the Nikon F90X, and developed in exactly the same way: 4ml of HC-110 in 636ml of water to make a working solution of 640ml. That’s a ratio of 1:160. For a single roll of 35mm you only need 300ml of solution to cover the film in the tank, so I could probably have halved the amount. On the other hand, sometimes you need a minimum amount of developer per roll so any less than 4ml might not have been enough. To be honest, I can’t exactly remember how I hit upon these figures. Nevertheless, I’ve got the best part of a litre of HC-110 left, so at 4ml per roll that’s 250 films; I’m not running out anytime soon.

Camera: Nikon F90X / Kodak Tri-X / Semi-Stand developed with HC-110 1:160

Stand Development With HC-110

My beautiful 1950s Franka Solida IIIe, with fantastic uncoupled rangefinder. This is the best implementation of an uncoupled rangefinder I’ve seen on an old folding camera. It’s bright and accurate, and you read the distance off a very large and clear scale on the top plate.

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

You get some weird looks photographing shopping trollies

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

The grain in the sky in these shots is very well controlled for Tri-X. This is the gym I go to, which is just 5 minutes walk from home. Because It’s important not to over-exercise.

Stand Development With HC-110

These are the streets surrounding my home. When there’s blue sky they’ll always be an orange filter on my lens. It’s essential accessory for darkening skies and I have one for every single camera and lens I own. A step up ring is handy for cameras with obscure lens sizes, like the 43.5mm diameter of the Olympus Trip.

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

Stand Development With HC-110

Daisy was dead chuffed to find out what great tonality she has when developed this way

Stand Development With HC-110
So there you go. I’m happy with these. The price of D76 in 1 litre packs has shot up over the last year, so it looks like I might use up that bottle under the sink after all.

Useful links:

She Shoots Film: How To Develop Black & White Film The Lazy Way
J B Hildebrand Photography: Stand Development with Rodinal
HJLPHOTOS: An Introduction to Stand Development with HC-110